Gum disease, also known as gingivitis and periodontitis, is an inflammatory oral condition, which is caused by poor oral hygiene. Gum disease is linked to increased risks of diabetes, heart disease and stroke. It is also becomes more likely to occur in women during pregnancy. Gum disease is very common, affecting up to 83% of adults in the UK. Luckily, it can be treated with timely intervention.
Gum disease can be dangerous if left untreated and can lead to tooth loss. An experienced dentist in Richmond, such as Sheen Dental, will look for signs of inflamed gums during every dental check-up and inform patients about good oral hygiene habits. Gum disease can be prevented and reversed if diagnosed at an early stage and a dentist in Richmond will do their best to help patients keep their gums strong and healthy.
What Causes Gum Disease?
Gum disease is the result of the build-up of bacteria on the teeth and gums. If not properly removed after each meal, bacteria will form a thick deposit, known as plaque, on the teeth, which hardens into tartar over time. At the same time, bacteria can invade the gums, collecting in pockets around the teeth and cause the gums to detach from the teeth. The teeth can then become loose and supporting bone and ligaments can also begin to suffer. At this stage, also known as periodontitis, patients are in danger of losing their teeth and damaging their jawbone.
What are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?
Most of the time, gum disease is difficult to notice since early symptoms are not painful. Patients with redness and sensitivity in their gums should visit the dentist in Richmond as soon as possible. Bleeding gums and pus in between the teeth are also symptoms of gum disease and should be examined by a dentist in Richmond. Gums that have pulled away from the teeth and dental pain can indicate more advanced gum disease.
Is Gum Disease Preventable?
Gum disease is highly preventable and can be easily reversed if it has not reached an advanced stage. A careful diet, diligent oral care at home and frequent visits to the dentist in Richmond are essential for healthy teeth and gums.