Periodontal disease refers to disorders affecting the gum area and other parts of the oral cavity. Most conditions are characterised by inflammation of the supporting and surrounding soft tissues of the tooth, and in advanced stages, may affect the jawbone as well. According to dental experts, periodontal disease is most often preceded by gingivitis, which is essentially an inflammation of the local gum tissue.
The Australian Dental Association and local practices like Booragoon Dental Clinic briefly discuss the most common forms of periodontal disease and how they can be treated successfully:
This is a condition characterised by inflammation of the supporting tissues that leads to the formation of deep pockets and gum recession. Physically, the teeth may look like they are getting longer, but in reality it is the gums that are beginning to recede. Leading periodontists say this is the most common periodontal condition that leads to progressive tooth loss.
This kind of gum condition can occur in an otherwise healthy person. Its symptoms range from quick loss of gum attachments, chronic destruction of bone, and a condition known as familial aggregation.
This disease most often occurs in patients that are suffering from HIV, malnutrition, and other conditions related to compromised immune systems. The condition involves tissue necrosis that happens in the alveolar bone, gingival tissue, and the periodontal ligament.
Scaling and Root Planning – to preserve the health of the gums, it is important that tartar and other bacteria present be removed. To do this, dentists clean the gum pockets and start treatment with antibiotics to stop the spread of infection. Most dentists also prescribe the use of a special mouthwash into daily oral care routines.
Pocket Elimination Procedure—also known as flap surgery, this is a surgical procedure that aims to reduce the pocket size located between the teeth and gums. Jawbone surgery is also another option that is considered in order to get rid of bone indentations that cause bacteria growth.
See your dentist regularly to avoid the onset of periodontal disease. When it comes to dental disease and care, remember that prevention is always better than cure.