man combing his hair

An overgrowth of cells causes flakes. Scalp cells are being shed continuously, but if they do so rapidly, they become dandruff. Dandruff is quite common, but it can be challenging to treat. Some people are genetically predisposed to having them.

Certain hair products cause dandruff in others. Contrary to popular belief, it is not caused by poor hygiene. What would Salt Lake City dermatologists advise about using anti-dandruff shampoo?

Active ingredients

Anti-dandruff shampoo is still the main treatment for dandruff. You can buy anti-dandruff shampoo from pharmacies and supermarkets. You can even purchase anti-fungal products online. When choosing dandruff treatment and scalp preparations, you should look for key ingredients.

These are zinc pyrithione, salicylic acid, selenium sulfide, ketoconazole, tea tree oil and coal tar. Zinc pyrithione acts to arrest the growth of yeast on the scalp. Meanwhile, salicylic acids help remove skin cells, but it can make the scalp dry.

Selenium sulfide is effective in reducing the production of oils in the scalp. Ketoconazole, Tea-tree oil and coal tar are effective anti-fungal agents.

Proper use of shampoo

Once you have selected the shampoo, you must read the instructions carefully and follow them. First, take note of the frequency of application. Some products are intended only for use once a week. For many anti-dandruff products, it is highly recommended that the hair for five minutes at the least before you rinse.

Take note that the dandruff shampoos do not have this requirement. If you need more specific advice, ask a pharmacist, or consult with your dermatologist. To get the best results, you must use anti-dandruff shampoo properly.

Precautions

man hanging dandruff falling off hair

When reading the label, pay attention to precautions, such as, for instance, concerning products containing coal tar. This type of anti-dandruff shampoo may not be ideal for blond or grey-white hair. They may cause discoloration, and increase the sensitivity of the scalp to direct sunlight exposure.

When to see a doctor about dandruff

Anyone can have dandruff; it is notoriously difficult to treat, though. Some shampoos are quite effective if used properly. For some people, medical attention may be necessary. Flaking and itching may already be symptoms of scalp psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, and more severe forms of fungal infection.

So, when should you see a dermatologist about dandruff?

When you do not see any improvement after using dandruff shampoo for a month, and your scalp is already swollen and red, it is time to get a second opinion. If the itchiness is getting worse, then you should rethink your options.

If you have dandruff and have a weakened immune system, you should not hesitate to consult with a doctor. A dermatologist will check your skin and rule out possible conditions associated with dandruff.

Clusters of dead skin cells on your scalp can cause a lot of trouble. If you have dry scalp, you are particularly vulnerable. If you succumb to stress, then your scalp could flake and cause embarrassment. Whatever the cause, you can count on effective anti-dandruff shampoo to relieve symptoms.

If dandruff shampoo does not help your cause, then it is time to see your dermatologist.